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Crater Lake

Crater Lake is a crater lake in south-central Oregon in the western United States. It is the main feature of Crater Lake National Park and is famous for its deep blue color and water clarity

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Crater Lake

Summary

Title: Crater Lake

Publish On: 28-02-2019

File Name: Crater Lake

File Size:  327 KB

Requirment:  PDF READER

Language: English

Publish Date: 23/11/2019

Author: Mavis Offei

Web Link: Manymay.com

Details

Crater Lake is a crater lake in south-central Oregon in the western United States. It is the main feature of Crater Lake National Park and is famous for its deep blue color and water clarity

Crater Lake, deep, clear, intensely blue lake located within a huge volcanic caldera in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon, U.S., about 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Medford. The lake and its surrounding region became Crater Lake National Park in 1902, with an area of 286 square miles (741 square km). By the early 21st century the park had more than 90 miles (145 km) of hiking trails.

The crater from which the lake was formed, which is about 6 miles (10 km) in diameter, is the remnant of Mount Mazama, a volcano that rose to probably 12,000 feet (3,700 metres) until an eruption about 7,700 years ago destroyed the upper portion. Subsequent lesser outbursts are indicated by cinder cones on the caldera floor; one of these, Wizard Island, rises 764 feet (233 metres) above the water. Crater Lake has an average surface elevation of 6,173 feet (1,881 metres) above sea level and an average depth of about 1,500 feet (457 metres). Underwater mapping of the lake in 2000 established a maximum depth of 1,943 feet (592 metres)—the previous recorded maximum had been 1,932 feet (589 metres)—making it the deepest lake in the United States and the seventh deepest in the world. Its waters are exceptionally clear, and it is often possible to see to a depth of more than 100 feet (30 metres).

Animal life inhabiting the area—nearly all of which is protected wilderness—includes deer, bears, eagles, hawks, owls, and grouse, and, particularly in summer, there is an abundance of songbirds and insectivorous birds. Crater Lake contains limited numbers of fish (trout and salmon), introduced by humans. The area’s plant life is predominantly pine and fir trees, with wildflowers covering the meadows in summer.

Archaeological finds at Fort Rock Cave, about 55 miles (90 km) northeast of Mount Mazama, indicate that humans were present in the area at the time of the principal volcanic eruption, not long after which the area near Crater Lake was inhabited by the Modoc and Klamath American Indian tribes. Crater Lake has long held special significance for Native Americans, for whom it has been a sacred place, visited by shamans, medicine men, and others during vision quests. The first American of European descent to see the lake is generally held to be John Wesley Hillman, who is credited with its “discovery” on June 12, 1853. A mid-19th-century gold rush brought an influx of prospectors to southern Oregon, and Hillman was a member of one of a pair of competing groups who were trying to find “Lost Cabin Mine,” whose owners reportedly had buried gold when they were attacked by Indians. The two groups eventually became one, came upon the lake, and voted on what to name it, choosing Deep Blue Lake over Mysterious Lake.

 

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